The Covid-19 pandemic has significantly impacted global mental health and has greatly increased the prevalence of depression worldwide, yet the stigma associated with identifying it and seeking help still remain in our society. There is nothing to feel ashamed of and it is not your fault. Getting rid of the feelings of guilt, can help your mind to look for solutions and promote hope in order to take action.
People experience depression very differently and it is also seen as a co-morbid diagnosis along other mental and physical health problems. The biopsychosocial model of disease takes into account predisposing (for example, genetics), precipitating (major life events, stress, childhood environments) and perpetuating factors (ongoing lifestyle habits, health problems, work and relationship stress) that are at play in diagnosing and treatment planning for depression. Adverse life events can also lead to depression and other mental health problems.
In some people, depression goes away on its own, however, in others the experience of the illness can be so unbearable with significant life impairing consequences and seeking help from a professional can alleviate symptoms. Often times, depression can cause social withdrawal and isolation leading to changes in relationships with family and friends.
Talk therapies can be a good place to start, with a variety of treatment models that have been empirically shown to reduce symptoms, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Psychoanalysis (psychodynamic psychotherapy), and Interpersonal Therapy (IT). Exercise, Yoga and meditation can also help alleviate and prevent symptoms of depression.
Antidepressant medications (for example, SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs, etc.) are only recommended for cases of moderate to severe depression that is treatment resistant to counseling interventions and are only prescribed by a physician.
Depression can manifest as feelings of worthlessness, low self-esteem, sadness, apathy, fatigue and low motivation. Poor concentration, significant weight loss or gain within a short period of time, lack of interest in pleasurable activities are also associated with depression. It can also cause insomnia or a change in sleep patterns, negative thoughts, and even thoughts of self-harm or suicide.
If you are experiencing suicidal thoughts please call the 24-hour Greek suicide hotline at 1018 or 210-341-7162 or go to your nearest hospital. http://suicide-help.gr